Thursday, January 21, 2021

Definition of Jurisprudence with short explanation

Definition of Jurisprudence with short explanation

Definition of Jurisprudence 

Introduction 

The word “Jurisprudence” is derived from the Latin word ‘Jurisprudentia’ which denotes the science of law or knowledge of law. In Latin, ‘Juris’ means ‘law’ and ‘prudentia’ means skill or knowledge.  Over the years, it has come to mean the study of law as a whole, the philosophy of law, or legal theory.

Definition of the term ‘Jurisprudence’

Marxist theory of Law: Marxist Approach to Law, Economics, Society

John Austin 
 

John Austin defined Jurisprudence as the “philosophy of positive law”. According to him, the “Positive Law” is the law laid down by a political superior for controlling the conduct of those subject to his authority.

Holland 

Holland has defined Jurisprudence as the “Formal Science of Positive Law”. A formal science is one which deals not with concrete details but with the fundamental principle underlying them. According to him, the ‘positive law’ are those general rules of external human action which are enforced by a sovereign or general conceptions pervading in a general rules enforced by sovereign authority.

Roscoe Pound  

Pound defines Jurisprudence as “the science of Law”. He uses the word ‘law’ in the juridical sense, as denothing the body or principles recognized and enforced of the rules followed by the Courts and the principles involved in those rules.

Chipam Gray

Gray defines Jurisprudence as the ‘the science of law, the statement and systematic arrangement of the rules followed by the Courts and the principles involved in those rules.

Prof. C.K. Allen

 
Prof. C.K Allen defines jurisprudence as ‘the scientific synthesis of all the essential principles of law’.

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