Definition of Jurisprudence with short explanation
Definition of Jurisprudence
The word “Jurisprudence” is derived from the Latin word ‘Jurisprudentia’ which denotes the science of law or knowledge of law. In Latin, ‘Juris’ means ‘law’ and ‘prudentia’ means skill or knowledge. Over the years, it has come to mean the study of law as a whole, the philosophy of law, or legal theory.
Definition of the term ‘Jurisprudence’
John Austin defined Jurisprudence as the “philosophy of positive law”. According to him, the “Positive Law” is the law laid down by a political superior for controlling the conduct of those subject to his authority.
Holland has defined Jurisprudence as the “Formal Science of Positive Law”. A formal science is one which deals not with concrete details but with the fundamental principle underlying them. According to him, the ‘positive law’ are those general rules of external human action which are enforced by a sovereign or general conceptions pervading in a general rules enforced by sovereign authority.
Pound defines Jurisprudence as “the science of Law”. He uses the word ‘law’ in the juridical sense, as denothing the body or principles recognized and enforced of the rules followed by the Courts and the principles involved in those rules.
Gray defines Jurisprudence as the ‘the science of law, the statement and systematic arrangement of the rules followed by the Courts and the principles involved in those rules.
Prof. C.K. Allen
Prof. C.K Allen defines jurisprudence as ‘the scientific synthesis of all the essential principles of law’.