Environmental Law MCQs [LLM, UGC NET]- OurLegalWorld

Environmental Law MCQs for LLM, UGC NET Law, Judicial Services etc. – Our Legal World

1. In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court directed closing down and demolition of shrimp industries in coastal regulation zone and implement the “precautionary principle” and “the polluter pays principle and held them liable for payment of compensation for reversing the ecology and compensate the individual for loss suffered?

(a) S. Jagannath v. Union of India
(b) Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum v. Union of India
(c) M.C. Mehta c. Union of India
(d) Church of God (Full Gospels) in India v. KKR Majestic Colony Welfare Association.

2. In which of the following cases the Supreme Court discussed the development of the “Precautionary Principle”?

(a) Olga Tellis (1986) case
(b) M.C. Mehta v. Union of lndia
(c) Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra v. State of U.P.
(d) A.P. Pollution Control Board v. M.V Nayudu

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3. The doctrine of. ……means that the absolute liability for harm to environment extends not only to compensate the victims of pollution but also to the cost of restoring the environmental degradation.

(a) Polluter pay principle
(b) Precautionary principle
(c) Public Trust
(4) Public Nuisance

4: Assertion (A): Public Trust Doctrine in the state to act as the Trustee Resources.
Reason (R): The benefit of natural resources to public can not be deprived unilaterally

Code:

(a) Both (A) and (R) are correct and R is the correct explanation of (A)
(b) Both (A) and (R) are correct and R is not correct explanation of (A)
(c) (A) is correct but (R) is incorrect
(d) (A) is incorrect but (R) is correct

5: Section 19 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 enables a person to file complaint in a Criminal Court after giving’s notice to the Pollution Control Board. Once a complaint has been made, the board ls bound to make available to the complainant all relevant reports on demand. The board may also refuse to disclose on public Interest. Similar provisions are also available under

(a) Section 49 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 43 of the Air Act, 1981
(b) Section 43 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 49 of the Air Act, 1981
(c) Section 42 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 46 of the Air Act, 1981
(d) Section 41 of the Water Act, 1974 and Section 42 of the Air Act, 1981

6: Which of the following Acts is popularly known as Umbrella Legislation?

(a) The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
(b) The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
(c) The Factories Act, 1948
(d) The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.

Answer

1:- B, 2: A 3: C, 4: B, 5:A, 6:D

Environmental Law MCQs [LLM, UGC NET]- Paid PDF