Redemption and Release of Gold under the Customs Act, 1962

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Redemption and Release of Gold under the Customs Act, 1962: A Comprehensive Overview

Write by Ashish Panday (Customs Law Advocate) founder of Legum Attorney


The Customs Act, 1962, is a crucial legislation governing the import and export of goods and International Trade in India. Among its various provisions, the Act contains specific regulations regarding the redemption and release of seized goods which include Gold, a highly regulated commodity due to its economic significance and potential for misuse. This blog post aims to provide a detailed examination of the provisions related to the redemption and release of gold under the Customs Act, 1962.

Key Provisions:

  1. Section 111: This section empowers customs officers to seize goods, including gold, which are attempted to be unlawfully imported or exported. It also outlines the procedure for adjudication of seized goods.
  2. Section 125: This section deals with the provisions for redemption of confiscated goods, including gold, upon payment of a fine or penalty.
  3. Section 126: Under this section, the Central Government has the authority to specify the manner in which confiscated goods, including gold, may be redeemed.
  1. Redemption of Gold: Under Section 125 of the Customs Act, 1962, confiscated goods, including gold, can be redeemed upon payment of a fine. The Act provides the option for redemption within a specified time frame and subject to conditions prescribed by the proper officer.
  2. Release of Gold: The release of gold is governed by Section 110 of the Customs Act, 1962, which empowers the proper officer to release the seized goods, including gold, upon payment of customs duty and penalty or upon execution of a bond.

Also Read: Gold Smuggling Cases in India: An Overview of Laws and Procedures

Redemption of Gold/ Release of Gold

Under the Customs Act, 1962, gold may be imported into India subject to certain conditions and restrictions. If imported gold is found to be in violation of these conditions or if any duty evasion is detected, the customs authorities have the power to seize the gold. However, the Act also provides for the possibility of redemption, wherein the owner of the seized gold can pay a fine or penalty to secure its release.

Procedure for Redemption:

The procedure for redemption of seized gold under the Customs Act, 1962, typically involves the following steps:

  1. Issuance of Show Cause Notice: Upon seizure of gold, the customs authorities issue a show cause notice to the owner, informing them of the grounds for seizure and providing an opportunity to explain why the gold should not be confiscated.
  2. Adjudication: The case is adjudicated by a competent authority appointed under the Act, who examines the evidence and submissions from both parties. The authority which includes the Joint/ Assistant Commissioner of Customs has pass an Order-in-Original.
  3. Imposition of Penalty: If the adjudicating authority decides to allow redemption through O-i-O, it may impose a fine or penalty to be paid by the owner for the release of the gold under Section 125(3) of the Customs Act, 1962.
  4. Payment of Fine: Upon payment of the prescribed fine or penalty, the seized gold is redeemed, and the owner is permitted to take possession of the gold.

Roles of the Commissioner of Customs and Commissioner of Customs (Appeals):

  1. Commissioner of Customs: The Commissioner of Customs, as the designated proper officer under the Act, holds the authority to initiate proceedings for the redemption or release of confiscated gold. This authority is exercised through the issuance of show cause notices, conducting inquiries, and determining the quantum of fine, customs duty, and penalty payable for redemption or release.
  2. Commissioner of Customs (Appeals): In cases where a party is aggrieved by the decision of the Commissioner of Customs regarding the redemption or release of gold, they have the option to file an appeal before the Commissioner of Customs (Appeals). The Commissioner of Customs (Appeals) has the power to review the decision of the lower authority and provide appropriate relief, including modifying the quantum of fine, customs duty, or penalty imposed.


The redemption and release of gold under the Customs Act, 1962, is governed by specific provisions aimed at regulating the import and export of this valuable commodity. While the Act empowers customs authorities to seize gold in case of violations, it also provides a mechanism for redemption, wherein the owner can pay a fine or penalty to secure the release of the seized gold. Understanding these provisions is essential for individuals and entities engaged in the import and export of gold to ensure compliance with the law.


The content provided on this legal blog is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. The information presented on this blog is not a substitute for professional legal advice or services, and readers should not act upon this information without seeking appropriate legal counsel.