Meaning and Defination of the term Recognition
(1) The community must be politically organised;
(2) It should have control over a definite territory;
(3) This definite control should tend towards permanence; and
(4) The community thus constituted must be independent. Thus the conditions of a Statehood are (a) People: (b) a territory; (c) government ; and (d) Sovereignty .
Theories of Recognition
(1) Constitutive theory: According to this theory recognation clothes the Recognized state with right and duties under International law. Recognation is a process through which a political community acquires international personality by becoming a member of family of nation. Heel, Anzilloti, Oppenheim are supported constitutive theory.
Forms of Recognation
When an existing State Recognizes the new State by a notification or declaration, announcing the intention of recognation, the recognation is said to be express.
When the existing States do not male formal declaration as to recognation of a new State, but at the same time they indicate their intention to recognation the new State by some acts, it amount to recognation . Montevideo Covention of 1933 under Article 7 states that the tasvir or implied recognition results from any act which implies the intention of recognizing the new State.